Peter Kapitza (1894-1984), Soviet physicist who in 1978 shared a Nobel Prize for his work on magnetism and low-temperature physics. He worked on the superfluity of liquid helium and also achieved the first high-intensity magnetic fields. Kapitza was born near St.Petersburg and studied at Petrograd Polytechnic Institute, after which he went to the UK and worked at the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, with nuclear physicist Ernest Rutherford. In 1946,he refused to work on the development of nuclear weapons and was put under house arrest until after Stalinís death 1953.
Typed letter 8"x11" from academician P. Kapitza addressed to the chief of economical department of Academy of Science of the USSR comrade E.V. Koldaev. Kaitza gave permission to comrade Koladev to give a room in the Institute's hotel for comrade Arkhangelskaya Elena Dmitrievna from December 12 till December 13, 1961, including payment: 1 rouble per day.
Kapitza signed the letter as director of Institute of Physical Problems of Academy of Science of USSR Dated December 12 1961.